Heart attack happens when a part of heart muscle doesn’t get enough blood. Selecting a treatment type for the patient depends various factors such as – patient’s age, severity of heart attack, their other medical conditions, etc. Contrary to popular belief that every heart attack requires a surgery, this article discusses different means of treating and restoring the blood flow to the heart.

Different types of procedures performed after a heart attack

In the event of a heart attack, one of these procedures or surgeries might be performed to open a blocked artery:

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABS): This is the most common type of heart surgery in which a healthy artery or vein is taken from another part of the body and is used to create an alternative path for blood to flow to the heart muscle. The blood is then directed to flow around the narrowed or blocked coronary artery. CABG may be done on an emergency basis in case of a heart attack or after a few days when the heart is relatively stable.

  • Coronary angioplasty and stenting: Also called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), this procedure opens clogged heart arteries. It is a very common procedure done in the event of a heart attack to find out blockages. During angioplasty, a cardiologist guides a thin, flexible tube called catheter to the area of blockage where an inflated balloon widens the narrowed artery. Alternately, a small wire mesh tube called stent is inserted in the artery during angioplasty. At times, these stents have a coating of medication over them that help the arteries to remain open.
  • Insertion of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or pacemaker: Arrythmia or irregular heartbeat is usually treated with medications but if this line of treatment is not working, a pacemaker may be surgically implanted under the skin of abdomen or chest, with wires connecting to the chambers of the heart. The pacemaker uses electrical pulses to control the heart beats whenever the sensor finds any abnormality. An ICD also works on the same principle except that it sends an electric shock in order to establish a normal rhythm whenever it detects irregularity in heartbeat.
  • Aneurysm repair: Any weak section of the heart wall or artery gets replaced with a graft or patch. In this way, the ballooning in the heart wall or artery is repaired.
  • Insertion of a total artificial heart (TAH) or a ventricular assist device (VAD): TAH replaces the ventricles orlower chambers of the heart with VAD. VAD is a mechanical device in the form of a pump that assists in blood flow and functioning of the heart.

At Dr K.G. Deshpande Memorial Center, there is a highly dedicated and qualified team of doctors who take great care to see you on the road to recovery. It has a first private proprietary open heart surgery center where even the most intricate heart surgeries are successfully performed. This place has earned a name for itself as being the premier institute for heart surgery in India. The center follows strict guidelines to maintain high standards of hygiene in its premises. All these state-of-the-art facilities make it the preferred choice among the people.

Reference:

  1. https://www.drkgdeshpandememorialcentre.in/about-us.
  2. Heart attack. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-attack/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373112.
  3. Heart procedures and surgeries. American Heart Association. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/heart-attack/treatment-of-a-heart-attack/cardiac-procedures-and-surgeries.
  4. Heart Surgery. American Society of Anesthesiologists. https://www.asahq.org/madeforthismoment/preparing-for-surgery/procedures/heart-surgery/.
Common Procedures Performed after a Heart Attack

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