Historical Background

Among the various ailments of the human body, heart diseases are considered to be a bit complicated as well as risky for a patient. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have become the major cause of mortality among Indians. It is spreading across the country as an epidemic and is a cause of concern for the medical fraternity. The leading causes of CVD are low intake of fruits and vegetables and the increased use of tobacco among the lower socio-economic strata of the country. According to data, premature death due to CVD in India has seen a drastic surge of 59% i.e. from a total of 23.2 million deaths in 1990 to 37 million by the year 2010. A study conducted by the Global Burden of Disease in 2010, attributed a quarter (24.8%) of all deaths to be caused by CVDs. This estimate could be even more as the study was conducted on smaller communities in India. Stroke and Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) are known to be the leading reasons behind CVD mortality in this country.

Current status of CVD in India

According to reports, in 2016 the total number of CVD cases in India rose to an estimated 54.5 million. 1 out of 4 deaths in India due to CVDs is because of ischemic heart disease and stroke, accounting for more than 80% deaths.

With the advancement in technology over the years, novel ways of treating cardio-thoracic conditions, have come in place. This has, by far, increased the longevity of the patients with heart diseases. However, efforts should be made to promote a widespread awareness about the ills of tobacco consumption and leading a sedentary lifestyle, fuelled with carbohydrate-rich foods.

Despite all efforts being taken to make the people aware of the risk factors of CVDs like high blood pressure and cholesterol, a certain section of society is still devoid of receiving appropriate care for the same. Traditional forms of exercise, including Yoga, should be promoted as it is a low-cost treatment option and has the ability to address this issue. Also a strict surveillance system should be established in India wherein the data collected can be used to contribute to framing new and effective health policies, centred on CVDs.

Leading Consultant Cardio-Vascular and Thoracic Surgeon in India

Among the leading cardio-vascular surgeons in India, the name of Dr Purushottam Keshao Deshpande comes to the forefront. He is a part of the team that works at Dr K.G. Deshpande Memorial Centre, Nagpur. He has completed his MBBS, MS, FIACS and FRCS Ed. Armed with a 34 years’ experience as a dedicated and sincere cardio and vascular surgeon, Dr Deshpande is a much sought-after cardiac surgeon in Nagpur and throughout the rest of India. He was conferred with the Vidharbha Gaurav Pratishthan, Nagpur on 07/07/2019 in recognition of his work and contribution in the field of heart surgery.

Dr Purushottam Keshao Deshpande is adept in performing intricate surgeries on various heart conditions, chest pain treatment as well as clinical cardiology.


  1. 2022 https://www.drkgdeshpandememorialcentre.in/latest-update/dr-purushottam-k-d/12
  2. Ahmad A, Abdul-Aziz, Prabha Desikan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Lee F. Schroeder, Tackling the burden of cardiovascular diseases in India: The Essential Diagnostics list. 28 March, 2019.
  3. A. Sreeniwas Kumar, Nakul Sinha, Cardiovascular Disease in India: A 360 Degree Overview. 13 January, 2020.
  4. Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Ambuj Roy, Cardiovascular Diseases in India. 19 April, 2016.
  5. D. Prabhakaran, The changing patterns of cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors in the states of India: The Global Burden of Disease study 1990-2016, Vol 6, Issue 12, 11 September, 2018.
The ravages of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) in India: History and Current Status
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